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Women and children among dozens reported killed in Myanmar massacre. CBS News, December 25, 2021

Ethiopia urges ex-soldiers to join fight against Tigray rebels.BBC News,06 November, 2021

Eight police officers injured in clashes with protesters in Parliament Square. Nadeem Badshah. The Guardian, 05 November, 2021

Sudan's army detains PM and other civilian leaders in coup attempt. Peter Beaumont, The Guardian, 25 October, 2021

Poland declares state of emergency on Belarus border amid migrant surge. Reuters, Sept. 2, 2021

Ceuta: Spain sends troops as 8000 migrants enter enclave. BBC News, 18 May, 2021

Opponents of Myanmar coup form unity government, aim for 'federal democracy'. Reuters, April 16, 2021

Myanmar coup: 'Dozens killed' in military crackdown in Bago. BBC, April 10, 2021

Myanmar: Deadly protests erupt as coup leaders mark Armed Forces Day. BBC, March 27,2021

Myanmar coup: US announces sanctions on leaders. BBC, Feb. 12, 2021

Myanmar junta blocks Facebook, clamping down on opposition to coup. Reuters, Feb. 4, 2020

Alexei Navalny: 1,000 arrested after protests over jailing of Russian opposition leader. The Guardian, Feb. 3, 2021

Myanmar coup: What is happening and why? Alice Cuddy, BBC Newsת Feb. 4, 2021

US Capitol riots: World leaders react to 'horrifying' scenes in Washington. BBC, Jan. 7, 2021

Hong Kong pro-democracy lawmakers resign after China ruling. BBC, November 12, 2020

Thailand protests: State of emergency lifted after days of rallies. BBC, 22 October, 2020

Belarus: Mass protests after Lukashenko secretly sworn in. BBC, Sept. 24, 2020

Belarus: Jailed protest leader Maxim Znak on hunger strike. BBC News,19 September, 2020

With Freedom at Stake, Courts Are Collapsing. In Hungary, Turkey and India, the courts have turned into silent bystanders and complicit actors. Madhav Khosla, New York Times, September 9, 2020

Delhi 2020 religious riots: Amnesty Interntional accuses police of rights abuses. BBC News, 28 August, 2020

Turkey Passes Law to Regulate Social Media Content. Reuters, July 29, 2020

China passes sweeping Hong Kong national security law. Helen Regan, CNN, June 30, 2020

George Floyd protest- California declares state of emergency for Los Angeles County  CNN, May 31, 2020

George Floyd death: Violence breaks out amid US protests. BBC, 31May 2020

‘Highly necessary’: Beijing to discuss enacting national security law in Hong Kong following months of protest. Tom Grundy, Hong Kong Free Press, 21st May, 2020

‘We Are Like Animals’: Inside Greece’s Secret Site for Migrants. The extrajudicial center is one of several tactics Greece is using to prevent a repeat of the 2015 migration crisis. Matina Stevis-Gridneff, Patrick Kingsley, Haley Willis, Sarah Almukhtar and Malachy Browne, The New York Times, March 10, 2020

Delhi police impose emergency laws banning protests as citizenship revolt grows. Hugh Tomlinson, Delhi, The Times,December 19, 2019

Citizenship Amendment Act: Unrest erupts in Delhi. BBC News, December 15, 2019

Iran petrol protests: '100 leaders' arrested in crackdown. BBC, 22 November 2019

More than 120 journalists still jailed in Turkey: International Press Institute. Reuters, 19 November, 2019

Chile protests: state of emergency declared in Santiago as violence escalates. John Bartlett in Santiago, The Guardian, 19 Oct 2019

Violent clashes over Catalan separatist leaders' prison terms. Sam Jones in Madrid and Stephen Burgen in Barcelona, The Guardian, 14 Oct 2019

Ecuador violence: Protesters agree to talks with government. BBC News, 13 October 2019

Hong Kong on 'brink of total breakdown', police warn after more violence. ABC News, 13 Nov 2019

Hong Kong emergency law 'marks start of authoritarian rule'. Analysts say Carrie Lam move could fuel protests and put city’s financial status at risk. Verna Yu in Hong Kong The Guardian, 5 Oct 2019

Violence grips Hong Kong as Lam activates emergency powers. Thousands hit the streets, crowds set fire to stations and police fire live ammunition. Emma Graham-Harrison in Hong Kong, The Guardian, 4 Oct 2019

Ecuador protests: State of emergency declared as fuel subsidies end. BBC News, 4 October 2019

Labour claims Boris Johnson is 'whipping up' Brexit riots so he can declare a state of emergency and flout Remainer law to force No Deal on October 31. James Tapsfield, Daily mail, 29 September 2019.

After tension, Cambiemos backs food emergency bill in lower house, Argentina, Buenos Aires Times, September 13, 2019

Hong Kong protest leaders arrested before weekend rallies. Jessie Yeung, Helen Regan, Steve George and Jenni Marsh, CNN, August 30, 2019

Is Hong Kong on the brink of declaring emergency rule to deal with anti-government protesters? Gary Cheung, South China Morning Post, Yahoo News, 29 August 2019

Cuba to ration more products due to economic crisis, U.S. sanctions. Sarah Marsh, Nelson Acosta, Reuters, May 11,2019

Christchurch mosque shootings: New Zealand to ban military style weapons. BBC, March 21, 2019. See also: Christchurch shootings: How mass killings have changed gun laws. Rachel Schraer, BBC News, March 21, 2019

Nicaragua agrees to free all opposition prisoners. BBC News, March 21, 2019

Trump vetoes measure to end his emergency declaration on border wall. Jeff Mason, Roberta Rampton, Reuters, March 15, 2019

House Votes to Block Trump’s National Emergency Declaration About the Border. Emily Cochrane, The New York Times, Feb. 26, 2019

State of emergency declared in Sudan by under-fire president. Clashes between police and protesters break out as Omar al-Bashir announces measures. The Guardian, Reuters in Khartoum and Associated Press in Cairo. Sat 23 Feb 2019

Trump’s declaration of national emergency hit with first lawsuits. Damian Paletta, Mike DeBonis, John Wagner, Amy B Wang and Missy Ryan, Washington Post, February 16.

Trump Declares a National Emergency, and Provokes a Constitutional Clash. Peter Baker, New York Times, Feb. 15, 2019

As Congress Passes Spending Bill, Trump Plans National Emergency to Build Border Wall. Peter Baker, Emily Cochrane and Maggie Habermanת New York Times, Feb. 14, 2019

Venezuela crisis: Maduro given ultimatum by European leaders. BBC News, January 26, 2019

White House Aides Explore Alternative Ways to Pay for Border Wall. Michael C. Bender, Kristina Peterson and Peter Nicholas, The Wall Street Journal, Jan. 10, 2019

President Trump threatened to declare a national emergency to get his wall. Can he do that? Deanna Paul, The Washington Post, Jan. 7, 2019

Yellow vest movement: Paris police detain hundreds of protesters. BBC, Dec. 8, 2018

Macron Returns to Turmoil, as France Weighs State of Emergency. Alissa J. Rubin, The New York Times, Dec. 2, 2018Macron Returns to Turmoil, as France Weighs State of Emergency. Alissa J. Rubin, The New York Times, Dec. 2, 2018

U.N. Rights Chief Tells U.S. to Stop Taking Migrant Children From Parents. Nick Cumming-Bruce, New York Times,June 18, 2018

Hungary to criminalise migrant helpers with ‘Stop Soros’ legislation. Shaun Walker in Budapest, The Guardian, 29 May 2018

Trump Retreats on Separating Families, but Thousands May Remain Apart. Michael D. Shear, Abby Goodnough and Maggie Haberman, New York Times, June 20, 2018
The facts about Trump’s policy of separating families at the border. Salvador Rizzo, Washington Post, June 19. 2018

Maldives president seeks to extend state of emergency. Amy Kazmin,Financial Times, Feb 19, 2018

Brazil’s Military Is Put in Charge of Security in Rio de Janeiro. Ernesto Londono and Shasta Darlington, NY Times, Feb. 16, 2018

Catalans declare independence as Madrid imposes direct rule. BBC October 27, 2017
Spain to impose direct rule as Catalonia leader refuses to back down. Sam Jones in Madrid, The Guardian, Thursday 19 October 2017

Spain: government apologises for policing of Catalan referendum. Sam Jones in Madrid, The Guardian, 6 October 2017

Thousands protest and strike over Catalonia referendum violence. Stephen Burgen in Barcelona and agencies, The Guardian, Tuesday 3 October 2017


Charlottesville White Nationalist Rally Violence Prompts State of Emergency. Marianna Sotomayor, Phil McCausland and Ariana Brockington, NBC News, 12 August, 2017

Virginia declares a state of emergency as alt-right supporters, counter-protesters clash. AP 13 August, 2017

European Commission - Press release:Relocation: Commission launches infringement procedures against the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. Brussels, 14 June 2017

Netherlands - Turkey Crisis Explained: What Just Happened Between 400-year-old Allies. Haaretz and The Associated Press, Mar 13, 2017

At least 1,500 arrests in Ethiopian state of emergency, claims news agency. Agence France-Presse in Addis Ababa. The Guardian, 21 October 2016 

Icland to sentence ninth banker found guilty of manipulation that helped caused 2008 crash. Alexandra Sims, the Independent, 7 october 2016 

Charlotte riot: State of emergency declared after protester shot in second night of clashes over North Carolina police shooting. Chris Graha, The Telegraph, 22 Sept. 2016


Migrant crisis 

Hungary to detain all asylum seekers in container camps. The Guardian, March 7, 2017

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) published its report: “Human Rights of Migrants, Refugees, Stateless Persons, Victims of Human Trafficking and Internally Displaced Persons: Norms and Standards of the Inter-American Human Rights System.” Novemner 4, 2016

Flashpoint in Berlin as anti-immigration protesters clash with police and call for 'traitor to the people' Angela Merkel's resignation. Daily Mail, May 7th, 2016

Austria passes emergency law allowing asylum-seekers to be turned away at the border. Justin Huggler, Berlin, The Telegraph, 7 April, 2016 

Thousands of refugees flee for Turkish border after surprise Isis attack. Syrian refugees flee after camps are overrun by Isis but find themselves being shot at by Turkish border troops. Martin Chulov and Ian Black, The Guardian, 14 April 2016

Greece begins refugee deportations under EU plan., 4 April. 2016

Turkey 'illegally returning Syrian refugees' – Amnesty. BBC News, 1 April 2016

With Border Closed, Turkey Creates Buffer Zone for Refugees in Syria.  Tens of thousands of Syrians have fled Aleppo and are desperately trying to enter Turkey – which says it is unable to absorb any more refugees. Haaretz reports from the border region.  Anshel  Pfeffer, (Kilis, Turkey) Haaretz,  Feb 07, 2016

Germany tightens refugee policy as Finland joins Sweden in deportations. Agence France-Presse, The Guardian, 29 January 2016 

EU migrant crisis: Sweden may reject 80,000 asylum claims BBC News,  28 January 2016

Cologne attacks: Pegida and police clash at migrant protest. BBC, 9 January 2016

Syrian regime to allow aid into besieged, starving town. UN welcomes move that comes after images of starving children and emaciated bodies in Madaya spark worldwide outrage. Kareem Shaheen in Beirut, Emma Graham-Harrison and Patrick Wintour, The Guardian, 7 January 2016  

UN backlash against call to scale back Geneva convention on refugees. Senior officials warn against Danish prime minister’s proposal to revise 1951 UN treaty, saying it risks the destruction of ‘a milestone of humanity’. Patrick Kingsley, Migration correspondent The Guardian, 6 January 2016 

Heavy rains bring disease and disaster to France's forgotten refugee camp. French gendarmes appear to block attempts to rebuild temporary shelters, as concern grows for health of hundreds of refugees. Sarah Whitehead, The Guardian, 5 January 2016 

Refugee crisis creates 'stateless generation' of children in limbo. Babies born to migrants may be ineligible for citizenship in any country because of biased laws and inadequate EU controls. Louise Osborne and Ruby Russell, The Guardian, 27 December 2015 

Inside the Arctic Circle, migrants struggle with zero daylight and biting cold. Richard Orange, Stockholm, The Telegraph,26 Dec 2015.

Denmark wants to seize jewelry and cash from refugees. Rick Noack, Washington Post, December 17

Violence against refugees: Germany in flames. Over 200 dangerous attacks and almost no convictions.  Zeit Online,  4 December 2015

Hungary declares state of emergency amid migrant crisis. Jane Onyanga-Omara, USA TODAY September 15, 2015

Border-free Europe unravels as migrant crisis hits record day. Reuters, Seotember 14, 2015

Germany Orders Curbs at Border in Migrant Crisis. New York Times, September 13, 2015

Turkey coup

Turkey vote curtailed fundamental freedoms, say European observers. Kareem Shaheen in Ankara, The Guardien, 17 April 2017

Monitors criticize Turkey referendum; Erdogan denounces 'crusader mentality'. Gulsen Solaker, Tuvan Gumrukcu and Daren Butler, Reuters, Ankara/Istanbul, April 17, 2017

Turkish diplomats, military request asylum in Germany. Berlin is revising its guidelines for Turkish asylum seekers given President Erdogan's "systematic persecution of alleged members of the Gulen movement." More and more Turks are seeking refuge in Germany. Mara Bierbach Deutsche Welle, 01.04.2017

Turkey’s draft constitutional amendments: harking back to 1876? Ahmet Erdi Ozturk and İştar Gözaydin, OpenDemocracy, 20 December 2016

Turkey detains editor, top staff at opposition newspaper.  Humeyra Pamuk and Daren Butler, Reuters, Oct 31, 2016

Turkey sacks 10,000 more civil servants, shuts more media in post-coup crackdown. Reuters, Oct 30, 2016

UN experts urge Turkey to adhere to its human rights obligations even in time of declared emergency. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

17 Turkish journalists charged with terror group membership. Chris Johnston and Josy Forsdike, The Guardian,  30 July 2016

Turkey Expands Purge, Shutting Down News Media OutletsCeylan Yeginsu, The New York Times, July 27, 2016

Turkey detains more journalists in clampdown on cleric's followers. Daren Butlerand Orhan Coskun, Reuters, Jul 27, 2016

Turkey’s Reichstag Fire.  Ozan Varol’s article in the Huffington Post, 22 July, 2016

Turkey MPs approve state of emergency bill allowing rule by decreeKareem Shaheen in Ankara and Owen Bowcott in London, The Guardian, 21 July 2016

Turkey suspends European convention on human rights in wake of failed coup. Kareem Shaheen in Ankara, The Guardian, 21 July 2016

Erdoğan refuses to rule out execution of failed Turkey coup leaders. The Guardian, 18 July, 2016

Turkey orders 2,745 judges and prosecutors to be detained after coup. Reuters, 16 July, 2016

Turkish government says situation under control; air base used by U.S. closed. Sheena McKenzie, Euan McKirdy and Steve Almasy, CNN, July 16, 2016

Turkey coup: President Erdogan says army elements guilty of 'treason', as he tells nation government is in charge, after violent clashes in Ankara and Istanbul leave 'at least 60 dead'. The Telegraph, 16 July, 2016

Turkey coup: Live updates as 90 killed and more than 1,500 arrested after uprising against President Erdogan. The Mirror, July 16, 2016

An attempted military coup is underway in Turkey. according to the nation's prime minister. Gunfire has been reported in the Turkish capital. The Mirror, July 16, 2016

Dallas police shooting: Suspect told police he 'wanted to kill white people' as Philando Castile's death ruled a homicide. The Telegraph, 9 June 2016

Euro 2016: Dozens injured as crowds of rival fans brawl. Steve Visser, CNN, June 12, 2016

Venezuela crisis: Maduro's state of emergency 'constitutional'. BBC, May 20, 2016

Venezuela: Police in riot gear clash with protesters.  The Indian Express, May 19, 2016

Earthquake Jolts Ecuador Into Enacting Long-Avoided Fiscal Changes. Nicholas Casey, New York Times, April 23, 2016

State of emergency declared over suicide epidemic in Canadian First Nation community. The Guardian, 11 April, 2016.

Why Argentina is ending its long debt battle. The Economist, March 2, 2016

Financial crisis in Greece

A year after the crisis was declared over, Greece is still spiralling down. Helena Smith in Athens, The Guardian, 13 August 2016

The Greek Sovereign Debt Crisis, the Right to be Free from Economic Coercion, and the Greek Election.   Antonios Tzanakopoulos, EJIL:Talk! (Blog of the European Journal of International Law), September 16, 2015  

Europe’s Debt to Greece. Margot Salomon, AJIL: Talk! (Blog of the European Journal of International Law), August 24, 2015

Greece is a victim of its own cronyism and corruption. Postwar Greece never established welfare systems or open institutions - now it's paying the price. By Pavlos Eleftheriadis, The Telegraph, 10 Jul 2015

Greece tells creditors it will run out of cash on April, April 2, 2015


Maldives declares state of emergency. President’s decree suspends all basic rights and gives sweeping powers to security forces ahead of opposition protest rally. Jason Burke in Delhi and Zaheena Rasheed in Malé, The Guardian,  4 November 2015.

Homan Square revealed: how Chicago police 'disappeared' 7,000 people. Spencer Ackerman, The Guardian,19 October 2015.

A draft resolution on "Basic Principles on Sovereign Debt Restructuring Processes" (A/69/L.84) was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York at its Sixty-Ninth Session on 10 September 2015.

Military intervention in Bersih 4 rally, if emergency declared. Malaysiakini,  Aug 27th, 2015

Report of the UN Ad hoc Committee on Sovereign Debt Restructuring Processes on its third working session (24 July 2015) was released

Baltimore Curfew to Remain Through Weekend. NBC, April 30, 2015

Mayor’s Arrest on Sedition Charges Deepens Sense of Crisis in Venezuela. By Girish Gupta, NYTimes FEB. 20, 2015

Thousands march in Washington, New York, Boston to protest police killings (in  Ferguson, Missouri). The protests were mainly peaceful, although police in Boston said they arrested 23 people who tried to block a highway. By Ian Simpson, Lacey Johnson and Jonathan Spicer Dec. 14, 2014.

Haiti capital hit by anti-government clashes. Thousands of anti-government protesters have clashed with police in Haiti's capital Port-au-Prince. BBC, 6 December 2014.

Egypt: Ex-ruler Hosni Mubarak, accused in deaths of hundreds, cleared of charges. By Jason Hanna, Sarah Sirgany and Holly Yan, CNN, November 30, 2014 

Mubarak acquittal: Symbol of return to same decades-long tyranny.The 'trial of the century' ended up being anything but, with former Egyptian president found not guilty of ordering police to kill protesters in 2011 revolution.By Zvi Bar'el, Haaretz, Nov. 30, 2014.

State of Emergency Declared in Missouri for Grand Jury’s Decision on Ferguson. By MONICA DAVEY, NYTimes, NOVEMBER 17, 2014

Timeline: Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, Missouri. USA Today, August 9, 2014 

Faiza Patel and Michael Price'sblog:Ferguson is not Falluja